Student Magazine For Next Generation

Essential English Grammar – Much more Words and How They Became From Letters

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WORDS

Precisely what are words? They are meaningful preparations of letters. What are words? They are the symbols of seems that, when put together or perhaps left alone, have and therefore can be associated with a life knowledge with a person, place, matter, or idea. A plan is a compilation of the accepted and accepted letters and the corresponding sounds with which a language’s language is created.

Compare the following four alphabets from the thousands that exist. See the similarities in the formation of many of the letters. The mark H looks identical to English, Russian, and Ancient, but the sound differs. With English, H /aitch/ is frequently aspirated with a rapid exhalation. In Greek, H is pronounced as the long Uk vowel E /ee/. Often the Russian sound for L is equivalent to English. Some remarkable /en/. Conversely, some very similar sounds have strikingly several symbols. The /ess/appears in English as Nasiums; in Greek, it is Σ; in Russian, it is T.

English: A B T D E F R H I J E L M N I P Q R Nasiums T U V M X Y Z

Ancient: Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ I Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω

These are comparisons of somewhat similar alphabets; imagine the more significant difficulties to be encountered having alphabets that are starkly dissimilar to the mother tongue of the man whose fatherland is different from the language to be mastered.

Language is the practical implementation of these sounds and signs to communicate them properly to another person or creature so that a predictable answer can be elicited. Every culture has its language, though the principles and objectives are indifferent: Get the message clear. How uncomplicated would communication be if most cultures had one terminology based on a logical system of appears and symbols? Imagine a few billion people being familiar with one another as I imagine pups, whales, mice, fleas, ants, worms, and cockroaches performing worldwide.

Transport an American-bred cockroach to Germany within a picnic basket aboard the DC 767 and allow this (him or her? ) to mingle with its overseas cousins. What would be the outcome? Would there be a dialect barrier? Does a Russian Wolfhound (Borzoi) communicate differently with his litter mates in Minsk than he would with his litter mates in Hoboken? Do earthworms in Singapore react differently than all those dug up in Boise, Florida?

One problem with English is that it has borrowed words from so many other languages that it must be most difficult to master as an extra language. There is no purity in the vocabulary base. There is no predictability to base sensible rules that would universally apply at similar roots within the terminology resulting in a more easily recognizable style. The word intended for DOG originates with Midst English doggie, while the term HOUND is remotely associated with the German hund. The Spanish word for canine, Perro, in no way, resembles the actual English word but appertains to the same animal. Etymology can be another story. It would take a legendary work to treat this element of language.

The construction of terms is a twofold process. Initially, a sound is made. Then, several groups of symbols from a founded database are selected to symbolize that sound in published form in case the person receiving the intended message is not present to receive it introduced ready to be sent. Typically the database for English involves consonants, vowels, diphthongs, and some triphthongs. Each terminology has its database of signs, a dictionary of the latest vocabulary, and rules

involving grammar and usage. Motions and non-verbal communication are unique to different societies though some have grabbed a universal flavor. Almost all nationalities recognize the significance of shooting the bird, with some closed fists with the center finger erect and an upwards thrust added for focus. Interesting responses result from indifference to dismay for cultures that do not associate the generally accepted means with that gesture.

Speech is a significant sound made for a purpose. The following expressions represent sounds. They may be meaningful. They have a purpose. These people elicit predictable reactions. These people indeed communicate. They may be considered to be words of an exclusively unique nature.

Oooohhh! [surprise] Oooohhh! I enjoy that!

Aaahhhh! [delight] Aaahhhh! I like which, too.

Ow! [pain] Ow! That harmed!

Whee! [excitement] Whee! This is fun!

Whhhaaaahhh! [demand for attention] Whhhaaaahhh! You explained I could use the car today.

Words are recognizable devices. We see them on paper, and so they create an image. We find them out, and they create precisely the same image but through various paths.

The eye sees the term, and the mind sees this particular picture (or something similar).

The ear hears the term, and the mind also views something similar.

But, this particular picture will not appear in your brain of anyone who has not skilled the word or its means. That’s how it applies to the other 499 and 999 terms. Instead, the only image that will appear is this:

Few things are there. That’s the point.

Any time children learn new phrases, they have some reference to low fat, like a picture or perhaps the real thing. They find the word TRUCK and affiliate the sound /truk/ with the thing itself. (The word and its particular correct spelling don’t appear till later. ) They might differentiate between the sounds /bus/ and /trunk/ by imagining the objects they signify. The constant reappearance of the materials reinforces the association between the objects and the sounds that are equated with them. They have conveniently distinct shapes, sizes, and colors to ensure that the child can distinguish between similar objects. Children have no clue that these are common, concrete subjective, and couldn’t care less.

Actual life experiences involve interpersonal relationships between people and their atmosphere, which includes not only persons but animals, things, elements of character, and a universe of fuzzy ideas with an equally large number of terms to describe them.

Anecdote:

Many years ago, I designated a seventh-grade course a language arts task to create new languages because of individuals as themselves. Every student invented his technique to create new phrases, sentence structure, and syntax. The results were as distinct as the students were exclusive. The experience was educational on their behalf and enlightening for me. Not only did they come to recognize just how difficult it is to generate language and utilize it inside a society comprised of range rather than similarity, but they also acquired an appreciation for that language they already got. Never did English seem less complicated than in comparison to their masterpieces.

Since this is a lesson in English, let’s concentrate on the English letters. Position them together to form recognizable sections that have a specific meaning. There is also a method to the madness with the selection process. The easiest way is to employ what has already been accepted. Work with forms of words that by now make sense to the masses. Words consist of looks and symbols that are based on them.

Sounds and Lowercase Symbols

The most miniature linguistic system of sound is the phoneme, and its corresponding written same is the grapheme. The most miniature system of change is the morpheme. [The addition with the morphemes -ish and -ly to the morpheme girl type the new word girlishly. ] Without going into the technology of linguistics, combining vowels, consonants, and diphthongs to words. Arrange the words so that they make fundamental sense. Employ the rules of grammar in addition to common

sense. You have communication functions. With words as the blocks, you are the architect who designs and constructs houses from huts to the upper end of castles. The illustration stretches the concept a bit, although look at the hut as an elementary sentence and the castle for a verbose compound-complex structure. Think of, then, that a composition is often a town and a novel provides New York.

What are vowels in addition to consonants? Vowels seem that emanates from an open mouth with lips apart. (Yes! The mouth can be open with all the lips closed. Try stuffing the mouth with air to remain the lips closed. Observe? ) Consonants are those additional letters that must be used with vowels to make words.

Vowels:

Any, E, I, O, Ough, and sometimes Y when it feels like /ee/

The sounds collect the whole gamut from the open AHH to the tiny aperture through which the omnipresent /oo/ (as in GOO) frequently appears.

Consonants:

B, Chemical, D, F, G, They would, J, K, L, Meters, N, P, Q, L, S, T, V, N, X, Y, and Unces.

Diphthongs:

These are two-vowel combos that are sounded as if these people were single vowels.

ai: pair

ou – available

an – antennae

oa – oar

oi instructions poison

UI – puissant

no – yeoman

factory – amoeba

EU instructions feud

I – feign

au – sauce

a- fear

i.e., revolutionary

ue – question

uu – vacuum

Triphthongs:

These are three-vowel combinations that are appeared as if they were single vowels.

Consonant sounds are made using constricting or obstructing the trail of air from the as well as to its exit from the nose or mouth (or both). They are called remnants because they must be sound having one or more vowels to exist as part of a word. The word consonant itself means to appear together with something else. Something different is a vowel. Naturally, many sounds can be construed, seeing that words (since they converse meaning) can be constructed solely from consonants. PSSSST! Comes to imagination along with Hmmmm. It can quarrel that these are not thoughts but prime examples of onomatopoeia. I won’t argue.

What happens if just random letter permutations are thrown together, not having regard for etymology? Often nothing happens. Sometimes significance becomes attached to them.

Below are some combinations that do have significance:

AA: Alcoholics anonymous;

Us Airlines; Associate of Disciplines

A-1: top-notch; really good

Baa: the cry of a lamb

D: Roman numeral regarding fifty (50); musical important; less than average, but transferring, grade

Eeeek: expression regarding negative surprise

Gee: slight expletive; specific string

Grrrrr!: not so mild expletive regarding negative emotion

Mmmmm: [with rising and slipping tone] good

Naah: extended colloquial expression regarding negation

nth: highest many degrees

oooh: [similar to oh with more time /u/ sound] good surprise

pp.: plural regarding pages

ssshhh!: be calm

tsktsk: sounded expression this says little and suggests much, as, “For humiliation! Fie! ”

Vah-Vah-Vah-Voom: mind-blowing happiness

Wawa: like 7-11, all-night mini-grocery store

ZZZZZZ: deep sleep

Here are some looks that might have meaning:

Ppphhhffftt: the sound of beer and soda can immediately after a major is popped.

Tthhwackkk! in addition, Tthhwurckkk!: Extracting foot through deep mud.

Aaaaiiieeee: the hysterical scream of terror because last heard from one dropping without a parachute.

Hunh?: Casual expression of lack of knowledge or perception

Unright: Informal negative

Some do not have meaning at all.

ghoti: seafood?

ngthuyth:?

Trismus:?

Ab:?

In case you have a good dictionary available, utilize it as a source for acquiring a tremendous vocabulary. Then, apply the guidelines and principles to attain expertise in grammatical correctness and fluency within a language that defies command.

By the time children have learned for you to print the representations on the objects that they have learned to acknowledge, they may be able to determine typically the categories into which individuals’ words can be assigned. The English language has designated eight classes into which all phrases can be assigned depending on what sort of word is used in the term in which it is found. [What’s a sentence? Placed a group of words together so that specific meaning is brought up. The result is a sentence. ]

The foundation of language, both written and spoken, will be based upon words (their denotations and connotations), symbols, and tone. All words within English have one of the eight functions described above. These types of functions are called parts of talk because they are parts of speech — segments of speech which, when put together meaningfully, produce messages that are clarified through the symbols (punctuation) that accompany all of them and the tone, which, whenever added to the message, stresses attitudes, like anger, empathy, understanding, frustration or any associated with hundreds of others.

Words tend to be combinations of letters to create meaningful representations of people, spots, things, and ideas. Which sounds easy enough.

Take the alphabet T, E, A, and M. Shuffle them upwards. Four different phrases will appear.

Team: a group of persons forming a single unit

Beef: edible flesh

Mate: spouse

Tame: domestication of the spouse above

Another example of some mixed bag of alphabets to form multiple words: S i9000, T, A, R

The letters of reference yield:

Star: twinkling occurrence from light years apart

Tars: putting that dark, sticky road stuff upon

Arts: Activities that often imitate, alter, or deal with nature

Rats: nasty animals

Tsar: nasty biped

However, there are problems when one combination of letters represents several people, places, things, or concepts. Here are three examples:

One bat 2 . run three. set. You have seen them currently.

The first one brings to mind two distinct meanings, both of that are readily recognizable: (1) the actual stick used in baseball, as well as (2) the creepy small beast associated with witches as well as goblins.

The second example usually refers to moving faster than the usual rapid walk. But it is also a way to compete for an elected workplace. More than 100 meanings happen to be found for this word. The term point has been defined in over 1100 ways via 55 different senses or interpretations.

The third word offers more than two hundred meanings. It is no wonder English is complicated. These are only 3 of the more than half a million terms currently available in the British language. What could make improving proficiency in English easy? Nothing. A photo-taking memory would help. Memorizing the entire series of English dictionaries would help. Knowing how to codify all the words in the eight categories of word consumption would also help. Nevertheless, non-e of this is easy. The word-mean alterations appear more rapidly than even the sharpest mind could contemplate or assimilate.

So many English words also sound a whole lot the same that just enjoying them without strict consideration could cause confusion or a false impression. Look at the following examples:

HMM: an expression of understanding, commitment, or mild delight.

HIM OR HER: the objective pronoun for any robust and singular noun.

HYMN: a nonsecular song

HUM: to solicit a sound from the throat before closed lips and through the nose.

HEM: the bottom sewing of fabric folded along the border.

HAM: pork products, for example.

REED: narrow stalk

LEARN: doing what you’re performing now; also, the past type of the same verb

Countless words are spelled exactly and sound the same, but they have different meanings:

LEFT: earlier times tense of leave

REMAINING: the opposite of the right

CORRECT: correct

RIGHT: the opposite associated with LEFT

SLIP: falter

SLIDE: woman’s undergarment

SLIP: car parking spot for a boat

DEFEAT: rhythmic pattern

BEAT: lb to a pulp

SHEET: collection (like rope) on a vessel

SHEET: covering for a bed mattress

SHEET: a single piece of regular-sized paper like what you are reading right now reading

Why does this transpire? Indeed, there are enough correspondence combinations to provide for the many needs of the speakers of any language. With twenty-six alphabets, the possible combinations are generally virtually endless. Just using individual twenty-six letters without reproducing any, the possible variety of combinations is 26 on the 26th. That’s a wide range of words considering that 26 to the 8th power makes 5, 429, 503, 678, 976 possibilities (5 trillion, 429 billion, 503, 000, 000, 678 thousand, 976 words). That’s more than enough for one expression for every living human being on this planet and the few still circling it.

Where did Uk get all its thoughts? Most came from existing thoughts from other languages, living in addition to dead. The largest group emanates from Latin and Greek permutations took verbatim, as we say, or from modifications of the words. Alias and ostensible motive are examples of those considered directly from Latin, while the concept initial [from initialis] has assumed a new truncated form. The etymology [from Greek, etymon + logos] connected with words is another mammoth do the job not to be addressed the following since it has thousands of treatment options elsewhere.

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